Literacy levels increase as educational levels increase:
Overall literacy levels of individuals with a high school diploma or GED equivalent, which is the highest educational level of 30 percent of Cuyahoga County residents ages 25 and older, is Level 2.
Individuals who do not have a high school diploma or GED equivalent, which includes 18 percent of Cuyahoga County residents ages 25 and older, have Level 1 or low Level 2 literacy skills.
Literacy levels of individuals with at least some post-secondary education increase to Level 3.
The National Adult Literacy Survey, conducted for the U.S. Department of Education in 1992 and 2005, notes that those individuals with Level 1 and Level 2 literacy skills are likely to be excluded from all but minimum wage work. The National Governors’ Association and the National Education Goals panel concluded that Level 3 Literacy is the minimum necessary to function in today’s society.
The National Adult Literacy Survey also examined the relationship between learners’ literacy and employment industry groups. Adults employed in most industry groups had mean literacy proficiencies in the Level 3 range, including finance, insurance, real estate, public administration, services, transportation, communications, utilities and trade. Adults employed in manufacturing, construction, mining, farming, forestry and fishing had mean literacy proficiencies at the high end of Level 2. Not a single industry group comprised employees with a mean literacy of Level 1.